Curriculum |Discussion Papers |Governance | Languages | Post-Secondary | School Systems | Special Education | For Parents | For Young Readers

First Peoples Curriculum and Classroom Resources

English 12 First Peoples – Teacher Resource Guide

English 10 and 11 First Peoples – Teacher Resource Guide

Teaching Mathematics in a First Peoples Context, Grades 8 and 9

In Our Own Words: Bringing Authentic First Peoples Content to the K-3 Classroom

BC First Peoples Learning Resources, Books for Use in K – 7 Classrooms


Discussion Papers


Accountability Framework Discussion Paper;   SUMMARY Recommendations  (draft for discussion purposes). Updated December 02, 2014

This paper identifies some critical areas within the provincial Accountability Framework, that when addressed, will specifically support improved educational outcomes for first Nations students.  It sets out a comprehensive, evidence-based discussion about Aboriginal students’ education outcomes in public schools in relation to the Accountability Framework, and supports our shared commitment to TEFA



Creating the Future – A Planning Handbook for Board Members and Administrators of First Nations’ Boards  Thomas, Dr. Larry 2004
Price: $15.00 FREE Online version here.

Creating the Future – A Planning Handbook for Board Members and Administrators of First Nations’ Boards is intended to introduce a strategic planning process that links directly to the governance role and responsibilities of a board. The handbook links the strategic planning process to the board’s mandate and mission, vision, goals, policies, and budget. It also includes an overview of how to plan for results, advocate for constituents, and communicate the Board’s plan. Finally, the publication presents a running example of a board’s strategic planning process and resulting governance action plan. Creating the Future builds upon an earlier FNESC resource — Effective Board Governance: A Handbook for Board Members and Administrators for First Nations’ Boards. That first publication defined the governance role and seven key governance responsibilities of a board, and explained how those differ from the role and responsibilities of the organization’s executive director.

Effective Board Governance: A Handbook for Board Members and Administrators of First Nations’ Boards  Thomas, Dr. Larry 2002 
Price: $15.00 FREE Online version here.

This handbook provides an introduction to the governance role and responsibilities for newly elected or newly appointed members of First Nations non-profit boards. The job of the non-profit board and the respective roles and responsibilities of the board and its executive director are clearly differentiated and explained within this resource. Each chapter contains reflective questions all board members should ask as part of their governance role. This approach to governance also has application for on-reserve leadership provided by Chief and council for First Nations communities.

Integration of Services: From Concept to Reality  Morgan, N. and McGettigan, D. 1999
FREE Online version here.

This research paper provides information related to the integration of social programs that affect children, focusing on health, education, child care and child welfare. The paper investigates ways in which self-government and treaty negotiations can encompass the goal of integrated program design and delivery.

Legal Mechanisms for the Assumption of Jurisdiction and Control Over Education By First Nations – Revised 1998  Morgan, N. 1995
FREE Online version here.

This research paper provides background information related to the legal avenues available to First Nations wanting to exercise control and jurisdiction over education. The basic message of the report is that First Nations have an inherent right to be self-governing and that there are many options available that will allow them to exercise this right.

Local Education Agreements – Revised Draft Handbook 2013  
This handbook contains samples of actual Local Education Agreements (LEAs) used by First Nations and school districts in BC and offers ideas for developing and using LEAs effectively. Topics include LEA revitalization, the relationship between LEAs and Enhancement Agreements, barriers and accountability.
Important: Please note that the LEA Toolkit is not intended as legal advice. It is a draft items for discussion purposes only.

Understanding the BC Treaty Process Kavanagh, B. 1997
FREE Online version here.

This 20 page document outlines issues associated with the BC Treaty Process, indicating why many First Nations have chosen to take part in the treaty process, how the BC process was initiated, and how treaty negotiations are generally proceeding. The document was initially developed to provide information to teachers interested in facilitating discussions and answering questions about the treaty process.




Aboriginal Language Program Planning Workbook Kavanagh, B. 1999

This workbook has been prepared by the First Nations Education Steering Committee as a companion to the Handbook for Aboriginal Language Program Planning in British Columbia, written by Dr. Marianne Ignace. The response to that Handbook was overwhelmingly positive, and many people have requested a workbook that can be used to implement the ideas it contains.

Curriculum and Resources for First Nations Language Programs in BC First Nations Schools RESOURCE DIRECTORY Williams, Lorna 2009
FREE Online version here.

This Resource Directory, prepared by University of Victoria researchers for the First Nations Schools Association, describes academic linguistics articles, online language resources, practical teaching resources and curriculum, adaptable curriculum resources, language revitalization resources, list of journals relevant to teachers of BC First Nations languages, opportunities for further education, funding sources, and related organizations. This document is part of a larger Final Report with recommendations, which is available to First Nations and FNSA schools upon request.

Handbook for Aboriginal Language Program Planning in BC Ignace, M. 1998
Price: $15.00 FREE Online version here.

First Nations languages are in a critical state, and efforts to revitalize and revive them are ongoing. Accomplishing those goals requires careful planning, and this handbook is intended to provide assistance to First Nations communities and organizations which want to design or expand their language programs. The 110-page handbook includes an extensive literature review, as well as suggestions and information related to implementing successful language programs. Workbook available for $10.00

Handbook for Preserving Archives of Aboriginal Language Materials – Volume ll Djwa, P. 2004
FREE Online version here.

Handbook for Recording Aboriginal Languages – Volume l Djwa, P. 2004
FREE Online version here.




Aboriginal Post-Secondary Education in BC: A Place for Aboriginal Institutes FNESC, 2008
Price: $15 FREE Online version here.

This policy background paper highlights issues and recommendations related to the formal recognition of Aboriginal-controlled post-secondary institutes as a critical component of the post-secondary education system of British Columbia.

Finding Your Path – A Guide to Career and Education Planning Bailey-Romanko, K. 2003
Price: $30.00

This guide includes a collection of tools to assist individuals who are working with First Nation students in the area of career and education planning. The resource includes information about ways to help students assess their goals and skills, as well as information about secondary school course planning, applying to post-secondary institutions, and preparing students for the school-to-work transition.

Teacher Education Access & Choices Handbook (TEACH) – Linking Aboriginal Communities with Teacher Program Information and Post-Secondary Opportunities FNESC/ATEC 2007
FREE Online version here.

TEACH includes information on teacher certification options, information from all teacher programs offered in BC, as well as information from over 25 colleges and universities in BC.View this publication in excerpt form.


School Systems


First Nations Schools: Challenging and Rewarding Places to Teach Kavanagh, B. 2000
Price: $10.00 FREE Online version here.

In this study, the FNESC and FNSA aimed to gather information about why teachers are attracted to employment opportunities in First Nations schools, as well as challenges, possible resource and support activities that may be offered.

Reaching for Success. Considering the Achievements and Effectiveness of First Nations Schools. A Discussion Paper Kavanagh, B. 1998
FREE Online version here.

This discussion paper further explores the issue of “standards” for First Nations education. The paper outlines a framework that is intended to facilitate ongoing discussions of this issue, and includes information and ideas related to school visions, school structure and governance, school/community relationships, curriculum development and availability, teacher education, and evaluation. The paper is a second phase of a long-term effort to address “standards”.

Teaching in a First Nations School: An Information Handbook for Teachers New to First Nations Schools Kavanagh, B. 2006
Price: $5.00 FREE Online version here.

This handbook was created by the First Nations Schools Association (FNSA) to assist teachers who are considering or preparing to work in a First Nations school for the first time. It describes the many benefits as well as the unique challenges that teachers may experience while working in a First Nations school. The handbook also highlights tips that have helped other teachers make a successful transition into a First Nations school setting, as well as information to help teachers become familiar with issues related to First Nations education and First Nations schools specifically.

Eighth Annual School Measures and Data Collection Project, 2011-2012
First Nations Schools Association, First Nations Education Steering Committee, and Tindall Consulting, 2012
Online version available here.


Special Education


We plan to issue an updated version of our popular Talking About Special Education seriesWatch here for news!


For Parents


First Nations Parents Club: A Handbook for Parents Kavanagh, B. 2003 (revised March 2012)
Price: $3.00 FREE Online version here.

This handbook has been prepared to provide parents with an overview of their rights in the education system. It also provides a brief description of all of the stakeholders in the education system.


For Young Readers

Seventh Generation Club Science Experiments Booklets

Each booklet contains 12 – 15 fun science experiments to do at home or in the classroom. Each experiment outlines what materials you need, what you do and the scientific principles involved.

Booklet 1 – Free Online version here.

Booklet 2 – Free Online version here.

Booklet 3 – Free Online version here.

Booklet 4 – Free Online version here.

Booklet 5 – Free Online version here.

Booklet 6 – Free Online version here.

Booklet 7 – Free Online version here.

Booklet 8 – Free Online version here.

Booklet 9 – Free Online version here.

Booklet 10 – Free Online version here.


Seventh Generation Club Newsletter – visit the website


Annual Reports


Click for the current FNESC/FNSA Annual Report.

Aboriginal Language Teacher
  • Established in 1992, the First Nations Education Steering Committee is an independent society led by a strong and diverse board of 105 First Nations community representatives.

    FNESC is committed to improving education for all First Nations students in BC.