These learning resources are designed to help Grade Ten students attain an understanding of the history of the relationship between Aboriginal and non-Aborginal people over Canada’s history.  They are for the instruction of youth from all cultural backgrounds, not just Aboriginal students.

While the instructional activities are presented in a structured format, they are intended to be flexible in their use. They allow for the application of both a First Peoples Pedagogy and the changing BC Curriculum.

The activities are designed to be adaptable and flexible. Teachers can follow the sequence of lessons, they can use particular lessons or sections as stand-alone activities, or they can adapt the activities to meet their own curriculum planning requirements and the learning needs of their students.

Find accompanying videos, individual chapters for easy reference, and Blackline Masters.

We welcome your feedback on these new resources.

Grade 10 Video Resources

Chapters and Blackline Masters



Planning for Instruction


Part One: The Purpose of Residential Schools

Lesson 1.1: What Were Residential Schools?

Lesson 1.2: Traditional First Nations Societies and Education

Lesson 1.3: Why Were Residential Schools Imposed?

Lesson 1.4: Why Study Residential Schools?

Assessment Activities

Part One Blackline Masters

BM 1 Activity 1.1.1 What Do You Know About Indian Residential Schools?

BM 2 Activity 1.1.3 British Columbia Indian Residential Schools

BM 2A Activity 1.1.3 map key

BM 3 Activity 1.3.1 The Problem with Day Schools

BM 4 Activity 1.3.3 The Goals of Indian Residential Schools

BM 5 Activity 1.3.4 The Indian Act

BM 5 Activity 1.3.4A key

BM 6 Activity 1.3.4 Consequences of Colonization

BM 7 Activity 1.4.3 The Story of Residential Schools


Part Two: The Assaults and Their Legacy

Lesson 2.1: Defining Assault

Lesson 2.2: Life in the Residential School

Lesson 2.3: Impacts on Family and Community

Assessment Activities

Part Two Blackline Masters

BM 8 Activity 2.1.1 TRC Interim Report Conclusions

BM 9 Activity 2.3.3 Intergenerational Impacts of IRS

Part Three: Resistance and Change

Lesson 3.1: Ongoing Resistance

Lesson 3.2: Recognition of Failure

Lesson 3.3: Road to Reconciliation

Assessment Activities

Case Studies Activity 3.1

Case Study 1 Student Protests – Running Away

Case Study 2 Haisla Parents Protest, Kitamaat 1922

Case Study 3 Lejac Parents Protest, 1944-46

Part Three Blackline Masters

BM 10 Activity 3.2.1 Early Warnings: Elizabeth Shaw’s Letter

BM 11 Activity 3.3.1 The Road To Reconciliation

BM 11 Activity 3.3.1 The Road To Reconciliation background

BM 12 Activity 3.3.2 The Road To Reconciliation Timeline


Part Four: Action for Reconciliation

Lesson 4.1: What is Reconciliation?

Lesson 4.2: Why Does it Matter?

Lesson 4.3: Taking Action

Assessment Activities


Culminating Assessment Activities




References and Resources

NEW! See our new document Additional Resources, Indian Residential Schools and Reconciliation

Department of Indian Affairs School Files Index