The FNESC/FNSA Indian Residential Schools and Reconciliation Teacher Resource Guides were developed in response to the call by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada for education bodies to develop age-appropriate educational materials about Indian Residential Schools.

Indian Residential Skills and Reconciliation Teacher Resource Guides for Gr. 11/12 (2015) uses an inquiry approach to provide students in a number of grade 11 and 12 courses with an understanding of the history of the relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people over Canada’s history. Although it focuses on grades 11 and 12, the guide can be applied to post-secondary education.  

The resource is constructed so that it can be used as a complete unit of study, but is built on components that can be adapted into your own curriculum organization. It is important to note that the guide is separated into Book 1 and Book 2, which are designed to go together. Book 1 includes background information, planning for instruction, resource overview, and blackline masters. Book 2 includes the documentary evidence necessary for the instructional activities outlined in Book 1.


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Adaptation Ideas

See FNESC/FNSA Teacher Resource Guides, Units, Lessons, and Activities for Blended or Remote Learning Contexts (Dec. 2020) for adaptation ideas relating to this publication. This guide is designed to identify the units, lessons and/or activities within FNESC/FNSA teacher resource guides that can be most readily adapted for remote or blended learning situations.



Blackline Masters from Part 1

1 What do you Know About Residential Schools?
2 Map of BC Indian Residential Schools
3 Stages in the Relationship


Reference and Resources